广西生活网-新闻-体育-娱乐-饮食-财经-商户-汽车-科技-旅游-婚嫁-房产-图库-教育-健康-游戏-问答 |

课本单元讲解(含课文音频):必修一 Unit3 Travel journal(人教版)

课本单元讲解(含课文音频):必修一 Unit3 Travel journal(人教版)

今天小简老师和大家分享人教版必修1 Unit3 Travel journal 知识点详解和单元练习,并附有课文音频,大家要打起精神学起来哟!

Ⅰ. 常考单词必背

1.transportn.运送;运输 vt.运输;运送

A bus transported us from the airport to the city.

一辆公共汽车把我们从飞机场送到城里。

[快速闪记]

(1)transport...(from...) to...把……(从……)运到……

be transported by 用……运输

public transport 公共交通

(2)transportation(美)=transport(英) 运输,交通工具

2.prefervt. 更喜欢;选择某事物(而不选择其他事物)

Would you prefer me to stay? 你愿意我留下来吗?

My mother prefers working to sitting idly.

妈妈喜欢干活而不喜欢闲呆着。

[快速闪记]

prefer to do/doing sth 宁愿做某事;更喜欢做某事

prefer sb to do sth 宁愿某人做某事

prefer that...宁愿……

prefer (doing) A to (doing) B 与(做)B相比更喜欢(做)A

prefer to do A rather than do B 宁愿做A而不愿做B

3.disadvantagen.不利条件;不便之处

His bad health is a great disadvantage to him.

他身体不好是他的不利之处。

[快速闪记]

advantage n.有利条件,有利因素,优势

4.persuadevt.说服;劝说

Don't let yourself be persuaded into buying things you don't really want.

不要听信别人的劝说去买你并不真正想要的东西。

I persuaded him not to smoke again.=I persuaded him out of smoking.我说服他不再吸烟了。

注意:persuade表示“说服”,强调说服的结果;advise表示“劝说,建议”,对方不一定接受,强调动作。“劝说但不一定有效果”应表述为:advise sb to do sth 或try to persuade sb to do sth。

5.graduatevi. 毕业  n. 大学毕业生

He graduated from Oxford in the class of 1978.

他是牛津大学1978届毕业生。

He is a high school/college graduate.

他是中学/大学毕业生。

[快速闪记]

(1)graduate in 获得……学位;毕业于……专业

graduate from 毕业于……学校

(2)graduation n.毕业

6.schedulen.时间表;进度表 vt. 为某事安排时间

We arrived two hours ahead of schedule in order not to miss the train.

为了不错过这趟火车,我们提前两小时到达(火车站)。

The new edition is scheduled to appear in May.

新版本预定将于五月份上市。

[快速闪记]

(1)ahead of schedule 提前

behind schedule 迟于预定时间

on schedule 准时;按时间表

(2)be scheduled for 预定;安排

be scheduled to do 预定做……

7.determinevt.决定;确定;下定决心 determinedadj.坚决的;有决心的

Let's determine a date for the meeting.

让我们确定一下会议的日期。

I was determined to have another try,even if I might fail again.即使还有可能失败,我仍决心再试一次。

[快速闪记]

(1)determine to do... 决定做……(表示动作)

determine on/upon (doing).... 决定(做)……

determine sb to do... 使某人下决心做……

be determined to do... 决心做……(表示状态)

(2)determination n.决心;决定

8.attituden.态度;看法

What's your attitude to/towards this idea?

你对这种意见看法如何?

9.reliableadj. 可信赖的;可靠的

John is very reliable;if he says he'll do something he will do it.约翰非常可靠,他说过要做的事就一定会做。

[快速闪记]

rely v.信任,信赖;依赖,依靠

rely on/upon依靠,依赖

10.viewn.风景;视野;观点;见解 vt.观看;注视;考虑

He holds strong views on race.

他对种族问题的观点很鲜明。

He determined to view the rooms behind the office.

他决定查看一下办公室后面的房间。

[快速闪记]

(1)on view 展览着;陈列着

in view of 考虑到;由于

come into view 看得见;进入视野

in one's view 在某人看来

(2)view...as... 把……看作……

Ⅱ. 高频短语必会

1.ever since 从那以后

We've been friends ever since we met at school.

自从我们在学校认识之后,我们就一直是好朋友。

[快速闪记]

ever since从那以后,后接从句或短语,通常与完成时态连用。ever since还可以作副词单独使用,在句中作状语。

2.be fond of 喜爱;喜欢

I'm fond of pop music.我喜欢流行音乐。

3.care about 关心;忧虑;惦念

He likes pop;he doesn't care for classic music.

他喜欢流行歌曲,不喜欢古典音乐。

[快速闪记]

care for 喜欢;照顾,照料;关心

4.change one's mind 改变主意

You say you won't smoke any longer,but you'll soon change your mind.

你说你不再吸烟了,可是很快就会变卦的。

[快速闪记]

lose one's mind 失去理智

keep/bear...in mind 记住

5.make up one's mind 下决心;决定

Once she has made up her mind,nothing can change it.

她一旦下了决心,什么也不能使她改变主意。

[快速闪记]

make up one's mind to do sth 下决心/决定做某事

6.give in 投降;屈服;让步

I have to give in to their demands.

我不得不向他们的要求让步。

[快速闪记]

give away 赠送,给予;泄露

give back 归还;恢复

give off 发出(气味、气体等)

give out 散发(声、光、热等);用完,耗尽;分发

give up 放弃;戒掉

7.as usual 照常

As usual,they leave the children with Susan at home.像平常一样,他们把孩子们留在家里让苏珊照看。

[快速闪记]

than usual比平时(用于比较结构的句子)

8.dream about/of 梦到;梦想

My younger brother dreams of/about becoming a spaceman.我弟弟梦想成为一名宇航员。

注意:about/of是介词,后接名词、代词或动名词。

Ⅲ. 写作句式必学

1.Although she didn't know the best way of gettingto places,she insisted thatshe organize the trip properly.

虽然她对去某些地方的最佳路线并不清楚,她却坚持要自己把这次旅游安排得尽善尽美。

2.When I told her the air would be hard to breatheand it would be very cold,she said it would be an interesting experience.

当我告诉她那里空气稀薄、呼吸困难,而且天气很冷时,她却说这将是一次有趣的经历。

3.A determined person always tries to finish the job,no matter howhard it is.

一个意志坚定的人,无论工作多么艰难,总是设法完成。

4.Our legs were soheavy and cold thatthey felt like blocks of ice.

我们的腿又沉又冷,感觉就像大冰块。

5.We can hardly wait to seethem!

我们迫不及待地想要见到他们!

Ⅳ. 核心单词集中串记

短文语法填空,然后背诵短文,熟记本单元的重点词汇。

An Unforgettable Trip

My sister was fond oftraveling.Ever since graduating,she __1__(determine) toorganize a trip to an old temple.Since transporting farewas expensive,she decided to use __2__ bicycle to cyclethere not __3__(care) aboutthe disadvantages.Her stubborn attitudewas always her shortcoming.Once she made upher mind to do something,no one could persuadeher to change her mind.Finally,we gave in as usual __4__ wepreferred to take a train.After we prepared everything,__5__(include) the schedule,reliable weather forecastand the insurance,we began our trip.

Our journey was along a river __6__(flow) from a high altitude.Our pacewas slow because the river __7__(frequent) had many sharp bends through deep valleys,__8__ the water seemed to boil.Just as I recorded in my journal,it was really a hard journey.But we also enjoyed great __9__(view).One night,I put my head on my pillow—a parcel ofwoolcoats,and lay beneaththe stars.When the flame in front of our cavewent out __10__ midnight,I found the sky so beautiful!

【参考答案】

1. had (been) determined 2. a 3. caring 4. though/although 5.including 6. flowing 7. frequently 8. where 9. views 10. at

Unit3 Travel journal单元练习

Ⅰ. 单句语法填空

1.(2016·天津卷,12改编)I'm going to take advantage __of__this tour to explore the history of the castle.

解析:句意:我要利用这次旅行来探索这个城堡的历史。使用短语take advantage of,意为“利用”。

2.—My dear, you are always __throwing__(throw) things about.Look, what a mess in the room!

—Sorry, Mom.

解析:考查时态。句意:——亲爱的,你总是把东西扔得到处都是。看,你的房间多乱啊!——对不起,妈妈。由句意可知,此处妈妈在埋怨孩子把东西到处乱扔,所以用进行时态,因为进行时态与always、forever、constantly等表示频率的词连用,表示说话者的埋怨、评判或者表扬等语气,意为“总是,老是”。

3.—Got your driving license?

—Yes.It is a week since I __passed__(pass) the driving test.

解析:考查时态。since所接从句用一般过去时态,主句用现在完成时态。

4.I __am_finishing__(finish) my work.Please wait for me for a while, and then let's go home together.

解析:考查现在进行时表将来。根据句子后半部分“请等我一会,咱们一起回家”可知工作马上要完成了,所以此处用现在进行时表示将来。

5.In May, as __scheduled__(schedule), the product was launched, apparently with great success.

解析:考查省略句。句意:今年五月,这个产品按计划推出,显然十分成功。把从句补全后应为:as the product was scheduled。

6.The reports went missing in 2012 and nobody __has_seen__(see) them since.

解析:本题考查动词时态。句意:这报告在2012年遗失了,自那之后没人看见过。由第二个分句的关键词since可知,此处要用现在完成时态。

7.Parents should have a proper attitude __to/toward(s)__ boys who have suffered so much from an addiction __to__ computer games.

解析:attitude to/toward(s) sb./sth.“对某人或某事的态度,看法”;addiction to sth.“沉溺于……”。

8.According to the news, there will not be as many entertainment programs __as__ usual on television.

解析:句意:根据新闻,在电视上将不会像往常那样有那么多的娱乐节目了。as usual“像往常”,符合句意。

9.She couldn't wait __to_go__(go) home after such a long and tiring journey.

解析:考查非谓语动词。句意:经过这么漫长又令人疲倦的旅行之后,她迫不及待地想回家。couldn't wait to do sth.“迫不及待做某事”为固定搭配。

10.It being Sunday, rather than __stay__(stay) at home, I preferred __to_travel__(travel).

解析:prefer to do rather than do...“宁愿而不愿……”。句意:因为今天是周日,我宁愿去旅行而不愿待在家里。

11.(2015·陕西,20改编)I believe you will have a wonderful time here __once__you get to know everyone else.

解析:once“一旦”,引导条件状语从句。句意:你一旦认识了这儿的任何别的人,我相信你会在这儿玩得很愉快。

12.__Once__you start eating in a healthier way, weight control will become much easier.

解析:本题考查状语从句引导词的选择。句意:一旦你开始用一种更健康的方式吃,体重控制将会变得容易得多。once“一旦,一经”,引导时间状语从句。根据句中的关键词语in a healthier way(用一种更健康的方式)和weight control will become much easier(体重控制将会变得容易得多)可知应用once来引导时间状语从句。

13.—Hi, let's go skating.

—Sorry, I'm busy right now.I __am_filling__(fill) in an application form for a new job.

解析:考查动词时态。根据时间状语right now的提示可知,空格处应为正在发生的动作,故用进行时。句意:——嗨,我们去滑冰吧。——抱歉,我现在很忙。我正在填一份新工作的申请表。

14.I have heard a lot of good things about you __since__ I came back from abroad.

解析:本题考查状语从句。句意:自从我从国外回来,我已经听说了很多关于你的好事了。由主句时态用了现在完成时,可知时间是“自从过去时间以来”,故选since自从……以来。

15.This machine is very easy __to_operate__(operate).Anybody can learn to use it in a few minutes.

解析:本题考查动词不定式。句意:这台机器很容易操作,任何人在几分钟之内都能学会使用它。在“be+性质形容词+不定式”结构中,应用不定式的主动形式表达被动意义。常见的此类形容词有easy, hard, difficult, interesting, heavy,pleasant, comfortable, safe, dangerous, impossible等,该类形容词说明的是不定式的性质。

Ⅱ. 完成句子

1.__As__ __usual__(像往常一样), he is the first student to come to the classroom and the last one to leave.

2.Our teachers always encourage us not __to__ __give__ __in__(屈服) to difficulties and make full use of what we have to realize our dreams.

3.She has been worrying about her son __ever__ __since__(从……时起) she heard that he was ill.

4.In order to __persuade__ __his__ __father__ __to__ __give__ __up__ __smoking__ (说服他爸爸戒烟), he always asks the doctor for help.

5.He __prefers__ __to__(宁愿) do some sports with his classmates __rather__ __than__(而不愿)stay at home doing nothing.

6.说实在的,曾有一段时间我迫不及待地想见到我久别的朋友们。

Honestly speaking, there was a time when I __couldn't__ __wait__ __to__ __see__ my friends whom I hadn't seen for a long time.

7.不管发生什么事情,我都支持你。

__No__ __matter__ __what(=Whatever)__happens, I will support you.

8.他一旦作了决定,就从不改变主意。

Once he makes a decision, __he__ __will__ __never__ __change__ __his__ __mind__.

9.他跑得很快以至于我们班没有人能追上他。

__So__ __fast__ __does__he run that no one in our class can catch up with him.

10.通过几天的相处,我发现他很容易相处。

After days of staying with him, I find him __easy__ __to__ __get__ __along__ __with__.

Ⅲ. 单句改错

1.We have made up our mind to spare every effort to be admitted into key universities.

__mind→minds__

2.Determining to train his daughter in English, he put an ad for an English tutor in the paper.

__Determining→Determined__

3.The excited boy couldn't wait open his birthday presents.

__wait后加to__

4.She preferred living with the animals and study them to teach at the university.

__teach→teaching__

5.She insisted that I went to the prison to visit her brother with her.

__went→go__

6.In my view, the new flat is very comfortable to live.

__live后加in__

Ⅳ. 语篇填空

I am fond of my sister ①__but__ she has one serious shortcoming.She can be really stubborn.②__Although__she didn't know the best way of getting to places, she insisted that she ③__(should)organize__(organize) the trip properly.Now I know that the proper way is always her way.I kept ④__asking__ (ask) her, “When are we leaving and when are we coming back?” I asked her ⑤__whether__ she had looked at a map yet.Of course she hadn't;my sister doesn't care ⑥__about__ details.So I told her that the source of the Mekong is in Qinghai Province.She gave me ⑦__a__ determined look—the kind that said she would not change ⑧__her__ mind.When I told her that our journey would begin ⑨__at__ an altitude of more than 5,000 metres, she seemed to be ⑩__excited__(excite) about it.

Ⅴ. 教材原句

1.She give me a __determined__ (determine) look-the kind that said she would not change __her__mind.

解析:第一空考查词形转换,此处填形容词修饰look;第二空考查固定短语“change one's mind”。

2.So I told her that the source of the Mekong __is__ (be) in Qinghai Province.

解析:考查时态。宾语从句中时态与主句应保持一致,但此处为客观真理,故用一般现在时。

3.I am fond __of__ my sister but she has one serious short coming.

解析:考查固定搭配“be fond of”意为“喜欢,喜爱”。

4.Ever since middle school, my sister Wang Wei and I __have_dreamed__ (dream) about taking a great bike trip.

解析:考查现在完成时态,根据前文“ever since”可知答案。

5.We found a large atlas with good maps __that/which__ showed details of world geography.

解析:考查定语从句。that/which在从句中作主语且代替先行词maps。

6.Wang Wei soon got them __interested__(interest) in cycling too.

解析:考查“get+宾语+宾补”结构。

7.In the late afternoon we found it was so cold __that__ our water bottles froze.

解析:考查“so...that...”句式。

8.At one point we were so high that we found ourselves __cycling__(cycle) through clouds.

解析:考查“find+宾语+宾补”结构,cycle动作正在进行。

9.At midnight the sky became clearer and the stars grew __brighter__ (bright).

解析:根据空前的“became clearer”可知答案。

10.We will reach Dali in Yunnan province soon, __where__ our cousins Dao Wei and Yu Hang will join us.

解析:考查定语从句。从句中不缺主语和宾语,先行词表示地点,故用where。

Ⅵ. 话题写作

用本单元所学知识完成下列句子,并按照逻辑连成短文。

1.我们的邻居老王,喜欢旅游而不愿意呆在家里。

Our neighbour Mr Wang prefers travelling to__staying_at_home__.

2.上个月,邻居老王说服我们和他一起去旅游。

Last month,our neighbor Mr Wang__persuaded_us_to_join__in his journey.

3.他很靠得住,关注准备工作的每个细节。

He was quite__reliable__and__cared_about__every detail of the preparation work.

4.他选择了路线,找了交通工具并且制定了日程表。

He chose the route,__found_the_transport__and__made_the_schedule__.

5.他组织的这次旅行让我们很高兴。

The journey__organized_by_him__made us happy.

6.这次旅游让我们发现老王很好相处。

From the journey we realize that Mr Wang__is_good_to_get_along/on_with__.

组篇公式:将句2和句3改为含有状语从句的复合句。

【参考答案】

Our neighbor Mr Wang prefers travelling to staying at home.Last month,he persuaded us to join in his journey, because we know he was quite reliable and cared about every detail of the preparation work.Then he chose the route, found the transport and made the schedule.The journey organized by him made us happy.From the journey we realize that Mr Wang is good to get along/on with.

责任编辑:

中国彩虹热线

Copyright © 2009-2018 GXGP.CN All Rights Reserved
广西生活网 版权所有