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1. in a word, in words

 in a word 总之,一句话, in words口头上 In a word, you are right.

2. in place of, in the place of

 in place of代替,in the place of在…地方 A new building is built in the place of the old one.

3. in secret, in the secret

 in secret秘密地,暗自地,偷偷地,一般用作状语;in the secret知道内情,知道秘密,一般用作表语 My mother was in the secret from the beginning.

4. a girl, one girl

 a girl可泛指所有女孩, one girl一个女孩 Can one girl carry such a big box?

5. take a chair, take the chair

 take a chair相当于sit down坐下,take the chair开始开会

6. go to sea, by sea, by the sea

 go to sea当海员,出航,by sea乘船,由海路, by the sea在海边 go by sea

7. the doctor and teacher, the doctor and the teacher

 the doctor and teacher指一个人,既是医生又是老师,the doctor and the teacher两个人,一个医生和一个老师 the doctor and teacher is

8. in office, in the office

 in office在职的,in the office在办公室里 He is in office, not out of office.

9. in bed, on the bed

 in bed卧在床上,on the bed在床上 The book is on the bed. He is ill in bed.

10. in charge of, in the charge of

 in charge of管理,负责照料, in the charge of由……照料 He is in charge of the matter. The matter is in the charge of her.

11. in class, in the class

 in class在课上,in the class在班级里 He is the best student in the class.

12. on fire, on the fire

 on fire着火,on the fire在火上 Put the food on the fire. The house is on fire.

13. out of question, out of the question

 out of question毫无疑问的,out of the question不可能的

14. a second, the second

 a second又一,再一,the second第…… He won the second prize.

15. by day, by the day

 by day白天,by the day按天计算 The workers are paid by the day.

16. the people, a people

 the people指人,a people指民族 The Chinese is a peace-loving people.

17. it, one

 it同一物体,one同类不同一 I lost my pen. I have to buy a new one.

18. that, this

 that指代上文所提到的,this导出下文所要说的 I was ill. That's why…

19. none, nothing, no one

 none强调有多少,nothing, no one强调有没有,nothing指物,no one指人

 --- How many…/How much…? --- None.

20. anyone, any one

 anyone指人,不能接of,any one指人物均可,可接of any one of you

21. who, what

 who指姓名或关系,what指职业或地位 What is your dad? He is a teacher.

22. what, which

 what的选择基础是无限的,which在一定范围内进行选择 Which do you prefer, bananas or apples?

23. other, another

 other后接名词复数,another后接名词单数 other students, another student

24. not a little, not a bit

 not a little非常,not a bit一点也不 I'm not a bit tired. 我一点儿也不累。

25. many, much, a lot of

 many和可数名词连用,much和不可数名词连用,a lot of可数,不可数均可,但不用于否定句 I haven't many books.

26. much more…than, many more…than

 much more…than后接形容词或不可数名词,many more…than后接可数名词 many more people, much more water, much more beautiful

27. no, not

 no=not a/any no friend=not a/any friend no water=not any water

28. no more than, not more than

 no more than相当于only,仅仅,只有,not more than 至多,不超过

29. majority, most

 majority只能修饰可数名词,most可数不可数均可 the majority of people

30. by oneself, for oneself, to oneself, of oneself

 by oneself单独的,独自的,for oneself为自己,to oneself供自己用的,of oneself 自行的

31. at all, after all

 at all根本,全然, after all到底,毕竟 After all he is a child.

32. tall, high

 tall常指人或动物,high常指物体 He is tall.

33. fast, quickly

 fast侧重于指人或物体具有运动速度快的特点,quickly侧重指某事完成或发生的快 run fast, answer the question quickly

34. high, highly

 high具体的高,highly抽象的高,高度的 think highly of

35. healthy, healthful

 healthy健康的,健壮的,healthful有益于健康的 healthful exercise

36. sleeping, asleep, sleepy

 sleeping正在睡觉,asleep睡着,熟睡,只能做表语,sleepy困的,有睡意的 a sleeping baby The baby is asleep. I'm sleepy.

37. gold, golden

 gold指真金制品,golden指金色的,但金鱼用gold fish a gold ring

38. most, mostly

 most用于表感受的肯定句中,相当于very,当大部分,大多数解时是形容词或名词,mostly大部分,是副词 most people, the people are mostly…

39. just, very

 just表强调时是副词,作状语,very表强调时是形容词,用作定语 the very man, just the man

40. wide, broad

 wide侧重于一边到另一边的距离,broad侧重于幅面的宽广broad shoulders

41. real, true

  real真的,真实的,指的是事实上存在而不是想象的,true真的,真正的,指的是事实和实际情况相符合 real gold, a true story

42. respectful, respectable

  respectful尊敬,有礼貌,respectable可敬的,值得尊敬的 be respectful to the aged

43. outwards, outward

  二者均可用作副词,表示向外,外面,outward还可用作形容词 an outward voyage

44. pleasant, pleased, pleasing

  pleasant常用作定语,pleased, pleasing常用作表语,pleased主语常为人,pleasing主语常为物 a pleasant trip The trip is pleasing.

45. understanding, understandable

  understanding明白事理的,能体谅的,understandable 可理解的,能够懂的 an understanding girl, an understandable mistake

46. close, closely

  close接近,靠近,closely紧紧地,紧密地 closely connected, stand close

47. ill, sick

  ill做表语,sick定,表均可 a sick boy

48. good, well

  good形容词,well副词,但指身体状况是形容词 He is well again.

49. quiet, silent, still

  quiet安静的,可以发出小的声音,silent不发出声音,但可以动,still完全不动,完全无声响 He stand there still. 他站在那儿,一动不动,也不说话。

50. hard, hardly

  hard努力,hardly几乎不 work hard I can hardly believe it.

51. able, capable

  able与不定式to do连用,capable与of连用 He is capable of doing…

52. almost, nearly

  二者均为"几乎,差不多" 和否定词连用用almost almost nobody

53. late, lately

  late迟,晚,lately最近,近来 I haven't seen him lately.

54. living, alive, live, lively

  living, alive, live均为活着的,living定表均可,alive定表均可,定语后置,live只能做定语,lively意为活波的 all the living people=all the people alive

55. excited, exciting

  excited使人兴奋的,exciting令人兴奋的 I'm excited. The news is exciting.

56. deep, deeply

  deep具体的深,deeply抽象的深,深深地 deeply moved, dig deep

57. aloud, loud

  aloud出声地,loud大声地 read aloud(出声地读)

58. worth, worthy

  二者均为值得,worth后接doing,worthy后接to be done, of being done

  It is worth visiting. = It's worthy to be visited. = It's worthy of being visited.

59. bad, badly

  bad形容词,badly副词,不好,但与need, want, require连用为"很,非常" go bad I need the book badly.

60. before long, long before

  before long不久以后,long before很久以前 not long before = before long

61. at, in (表地点)

  at小地点,in大地点 arrive at a small village, arrive in Shanghai

62. at work, in work

  at work在工作,在上班,in work 有职业,有工作 Both my parents are at work. They are not at home.

63. increase to, increase by

  increase to增长到…,increase by增长了… The number increased by 2,000 to 5,000.

64. at ease, with ease

  at ease舒适地,安逸地;with ease容易地,无困难地 do it with ease

65. day after day, day by day

  day after day日复一日(无变化);day by day一天天地(有变化)Trees grow taller day by day.

66. like, as

  like相似关系,但并不等同,as同一关系,两者实为一体 Don't treat me as a child. (In fact, I'm a child.)

67. after, in (表时间)

  after接时间点,in接时间段 after 7:00, in five minutes

68. between, among

  between两者之间,三者或三者以上两两之间, among三者或三者以上之间

  Switzerland lies between France, Germany, Australia and Italy.

69. after, behind (表位置)

  after强调次序的先后,behind强调物体静态位置的前后 There are many trees behind the house.

70. since, for (完成时间状语)

  since接点时间或一句话,for接一段时间 for three years, since 3:00

71. on the corner, in the corner, at the corner

  on the corner物体表面的角上,in the corner物体内部的角落里,at the corner物体外部的角落上(拐角处)on the corner of the table

72. warn sb. of, warn sb. against

  warn sb. of提醒某人注意某事,warn sb. against提醒某人不要做某事 warm him against swimming in that part of the river

73. at peace, in peace

  at peace平静地,in peace和平地 live in peace with one's neighbors

74. on earth, on the earth, in the earth

  on earth在世上,在人间,到底,究竟,一点也不,on the earth在地上,在地球上,in the earth在地下,在泥土里 no use on earth

75. in surprise, to one's surprise, by surprise

  in surprise惊奇地,to one's surprise使某人吃惊的是,by surprise使…惊慌 The question took the professor by surprise.

76. in the air, on the air, in the sky

  in the air正在酝酿中,on the air播送,广播,in the sky在天空中 His show is on the air at 6:00 tonight.

77. in the field, on the field

  in the field在野外,on the field在战场上 He lost his life on the field.

78. in the market, on the market

  in the market表示场所或地点,在市场上,on the market出售 He sells fish in the market. Fresh vegetables are on the market now.

79. in the sun, under the sun

  in the sun在阳光下,under the sun地球上,全世界 people under the sun

80. in a voice, with one voice

  in a voice出声地,with one voice异口同声地 They refused with one voice.

81. through, across

  through穿越空间,across在…上穿过 through the forest, across the desert

82. on the way, in the way

  on the way在前往…的路上,in the way挡路 The chair is in the way.

83. above, on, over

  above在上面,不接触,on在上面,接触,over在正上方 fly over the hill

84. until, not…until

  until到…为止, not…until直到…才(常跟点动词连用)I waited until 3:00. He didn't come until 3:00.

85. besides, except, except for

  besides除了…还(包括在内)except除了(不包括在内),except for整体…除了某一点以外 The composition is good except for a few spelling mistakes.

86. weather, if

  当是否解时,只有在宾语从句中二者可以互换,其余都用weather,当如果解时用if I don't know if/whether he will come. If he comes, I'll let you know.

87. and, or

  and并且,or或者,否则,常用于否定句中 I don't like apples or bananas.

  Hurry up and you'll catch the bus. Hurry up or you'll miss the bus.

88. because, since, as, for

  原因由强到弱为:because, since/as, for. 在句中的位置如下:1)…because… 2) Since/as…, … 3) …, for… Since I was ill, I didn't go.

89. when, as, while (表时间)

  when从句动词点动词,持续性动词均可,as重在表示动作同时发生,伴随进行,while从句动词为持续性动词 While I slept, a thief broke in.

90. the same…as, the same…that

  the same…as和…一样的(相似但不同一), the same…that 同一物体 This is the same pen that I used yesterday. (同一支笔)

91. as well, as well as

  as well也,常放于句末,和and连用表示既…又;as well as并列连词,不但…而且… He is a professor, and a writer as well.

92. such…as, such…that

  such…as像…样的,such…that如此…以至于 He is not such a fool as he looks like. He is such a good student that all the teachers like him.

93. because, because of

  because连词,连接两句话,because of介词短语,后接词或短语 He didn't go to school because of his illness.

94. in order that, in order to

  表目的,in order that后接句子,in order to后接动词原形 I got up early in order to catch the first bus. I got up early so that I could catch the first bus.

95. for example, such as

  for example一般只列举一个,such as列举多个例子 I have been to a lot of American cities, such as New York, Atlanta and Chicago.

96. used to, would

  表过去常常,和现在相对应用used to,不提现在用would I used to get up early, but now I don't.

97. All right. That's all right. That's right.

  All right. That's all right. 当好吧解时,可以替换;当不客气,没关系解时只能用That's all right. That's right. 那是对的 ---Sorry. --- That's all right.

98. such…that, so…that

  当如此…以至于解时,such…that修饰名词,so…that修饰形容词或副词,但名词前面如果有many, much, little, few修饰用so…that,不用such that

  so many people that… such a lovely boy=so lovely a boy

99. so + be (have, can, do)+主语, neither(nor) + be (have, can, do)+ 主语

  也一样,肯定用so…否定用neither (nor) ---I can't play tennis. ---Nor can I.

100. Shall I…? Will you…?

  Shall I…? 征求对方意见或向对方请示,意为我能…吗? Will you…? 请求或建议对方做某事,意为你愿意…吗?Will you help me? Yes, I will.

101. quite, rather

  quite完全地,相当于completely, rather修饰比较级 quite impossible

102. happy, glad

  happy高兴,幸福,定表均可,glad高兴,只能做表语 a happy girl

103. instead, instead of

  instead是副词,放在句首或句末,instead of是介词短语,放在句中He didn't see a film. Instead he watched TV. He watched TV instead of seeing a film.

104. too much, much too

  too much 后接不可数名词,much too后接形容词 much too heavy

105. be about to, be going to, be to do

  be about to表最近的将来,后面不接时间状语,be going to 侧重打算,想法,be to do侧重意志,计划,安排I'm to meet him.(含双方事先约好的意思)

106. raise, rise

  raise及物动词,rise不及物动词 The sun rises in the east.

107. bring, take, carry, fetch

  bring拿来,take带走,carry随身携带,fetch去回这一往返动作 fetch a box of chalk

108. spend, take, pay, cost

  spend人做主语,花钱,花时间; spend…on sth./in doing sth; take物做主语,花时间; pay人做主语,花钱,pay for; cost物做主语,花钱

109. join, join in, take part in

  join加入某个组织,并成为其中的一员;join in参加小型的活动, join sb. in;take part in 参加大型的活动 He joined the army five years ago.

110. learn, study


  study the problem

111. want, hope, wish

  want打算,想要,want to do, want sb. to do, hope希望(通常可以实现),hope to do/ hope that… wish希望(通常不能实现)wish (sb.) to do, wish sb/sth. + n. I wish you success.

112. discover, invent, find out

  discover发现本来存在但不为人所知的东西,invent发明本来不存在的物体,find out发现,查明 At last he found out the truth.

113. answer, reply

  answer及物动词,reply不及物动词,后接 to reply to the letter

114. leave, leave for

  leave离开,leave for前往 He left Beijing for Shanghai.

115. rob, steal

  rob** rob sb. of sth.,steal偷 steal sth. from sb.

116. shoot, shoot at

  shoot射死,shoot at瞄准,但不一定射中 He shot the bird and it died.

117. drop, fall

  drop及物不及物均可,fall不及物动词 Prices fell/dropped. He dropped his voice.

118. search, search for

  search后接地点,search for后接东西 He searched his pocket for money.

119. used to, be used to

  used to过去常常,be used to习惯于,后接sth./doing sth.;被用来,后接 do sth. He is used to getting up early.

120. win, lose, beat

  win后接sth.,反义词为lose, beat后接sb. win the game, beat them

121. live on, live by

  live on以…为主食,live by靠…谋生 live on fish/ live by fishing

122. beat, hit, strike

  beat连续性地击打;hit打中,对准打;strike打一下或若干下 beat the wings

123. meet, meet with

  meet遇到,meet with体验到,遭遇到 meet with an accident

124. lose, miss

  lose失去(具体的物体),错过 sth. is lost, lose the chance;miss 想念,错过sth. is missing, miss the chance

125. be tired of, be tired with/from

  be tired of厌烦…,be tired with/from因为…而累了 be tired with/from running 800 meters

126. care about, care for

  care about关心,计较,在乎,一般多用于否定句中;care for关心,照料,喜欢,愿意 He doesn't care about his clothes. I don't care for movies.

127. catch a cold, have a cold

  catch a cold不能和表示"一段时间"的状语连用,而have a cold可以

  She has had a cold for a week.

128. change for, change into

  change for调换成,change into变成 Change the shirt for a bigger one. Water changes into ice.

129. continue, last

  二者均为持续,continue主动,被动均可,last只能用主动 The war continued/lasted five years. The story is to be continued.

130. feed, raise

  feed喂养,养活,饲养 (to give food to), raise饲养,养育 (cause to grow, bring up children) raise the family

131. clothes, cloth, clothing

 clothes统指各种衣服,谓语动词永远是复数, cloth指布,为不可数名词 clothing 服装的总称,指一件衣服用a piece of, an article of

132. incident, accident

 incident指小事件, accident指不幸的事故He was killed in the accident.

133. amount, number

 amount后接不可数名词, number后接可数名词 a number of students

134. family, house, home

 home 家,包括住处和家人,house房子,住宅,family家庭成员. My family is a happy one.

135. sound, voice, noise

 sound自然界各种各样的声音,voice人的嗓音,noise噪音I hate the loud noise outside.

136. photo, picture, drawing

 photo用照相机拍摄的照片,picture可指相片,图片,电影片,drawing画的画 Let's go and see a good picture.

137. vocabulary, word

 vocabulary词汇,一个人拥有的单词量,word具体的单词He has a large vocabulary.

138. population, people

 population人口,人数,people具体的人 China has a large population.

139. weather, climate

 weather一天内具体的天气状况,climate长期的气候状况 The climate here is not good for you.

140. road, street, path, way


 take this road; in the street, show me the way to the museum.

141. course, subject

 course课程(可包括多门科目),subject科目(具体的学科)a summer course

142. custom, habit

 custom传统风俗,习俗,也可指生活习惯,后接to do, habit生活习惯,习惯成自然,后接of doing. I've got the habit of drinking a lot.

143. cause, reason

 cause 指造成某一事实或现象的直接原因,后接of sth./doing sth,reason用来解释某种现象或结果的理由,后接for sth./doing sth. the reason for being late


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