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英语高考复习易错知识点 | 014期

英语高考复习易错知识点 | 014期

英语高考复习易错知识点——5篇

66.like,love 等动词后接不定式还是动名词

例 Little Jim should love____to the theatre thisevening.

A.to be taken B.to take

C.being taken D.taking

此题应选A。因为从语法上看 should love 之后只能接不定式,所以答案只能在A,B 中选择;又因为从句意上看应该用被动式,所以只能选A。

在英语中,有些动词其后接动词作宾语时,可用不定式也可用动名词,且含义大致相同。这类动词主要有:like,love,begin,start,hate,prefer,continue,intend,can't bear。(也有人认为用不定式多 指特定动作,用动名词多指经常性动作,但总的说来,在现代英语中这两类结构区别不大):

He like watching[to watch] TV.他喜欢看电视。

但是以下两点须注意:

1.当like,love 与would,should 连用时,其后只用不定式而不 用动名词(见本题)。

若表示“本来想要”这样的意思,后接不定式的完成式:

I'd love to have gone to the party yesterday but I had to workextra hours to finish a report.

昨天我本想去参加晚会的,但我要加班写一个报告。

2.当begin,start 等动词本身为现在分词时或当其后接表示心理状态的动词时,

其后的动词通常用不定式:

I was beginning(starting)to cook supper.

我正要开始煮晚饭。

He began to like poetry when he was a boy.

他在童年时代就开始喜欢诗。

67.allow,permit,advise,forbid 等后接动词有讲究

例 a.We don't allow____in the office.

b.We don't allow people____in the office.

c.People are not allowed____in the office.

A.smoking B.to smoke

C.smoked D.smoke

此题答案为a 句选A,b 句和c 句均选B。一般说来,动词allow(允许)之后应接动名词作宾语,但是若其后接有名词或代词作宾语,则其宾语后的补足语应用不定式,而不是动名词(注意:c 句与b 句同义,只是c 句为b 句的被动形式)。

类似以上用法的动词还有permit,advise,forbid 等:

1.a.We don't permit____on the grass.

b.We don't permit people____on the grass.

c.People are not permitted____on the grass.

A.walk B.to walk C.walking D.walked

2.a.He advised____early.

b.He advised us____early.

c.We were advised____early.

A.leave B.to leave C.leaving D.left

但动名词前用所有格或物主代词作逻辑主语是可能的:

3.a.He forbids me ____ with them.

b.He forbids my ____ with them.

A.to go B.going C.go D.went

答案:1.C,B,B 2.C,B,B 3.A,B

68.remember 等动词后接不定式或动名词含义不同

例 She didn't remember ____ him before.

A.having met B.have met

C.to meet D.to having met

此题应选A。一般说来,在动词remember(记得),forget(忘记),regret(后悔)等之后,若接不定式,表示该不定式所表示的动作还未发生;若是接动名词(可用一般式或完成式,偶尔还可用不定式的完成式),则表示该动名词所表示的动作已经发生。如:

1.Do you remember ____ me at a party last year?

A.meet B.to meet C.meeting D.met

2.—The light in the office is still on.

—Oh,I forgot____.

A.turning it off B.turn it Off

C.to turn it off D.having turned it off

3.—You were brave enough to raise objections at the meeting.

—Well,now I regret ____ that.

A.to do B.to be doing

C.to having done D.having done

4.—I regret ____ that I can't help you.

—That's all right.

A.say B.to say C.saying D.said

在表示已发生的动作时,若句中含有具体的过去时间状语,则以用动名词的一般式为宜:

I regret telling you about it yesterday.

我后悔昨天把此事告诉了你。

答案:1.C 2.C 3.D 4.B

69.stop 等动词后接不定式或动名词含义不同

例 He was very tired so he stopped ____ a rest.

A.have B.to have C.having D.to having

此题应选B。在动词 stop(停止),go on(继续)等之后,接不定式或动词的-ing 形式都可以,但含义有差别:stop 之后若接不定式,表示停止正在做的事情而去做另外一件事(即去做不定式表示的动作);若接动词的-ing 形式,则只表示停止正在做的事情(即停止-ing 动词所表示的动作);go on 之后若接不定式,表示的是做完一件事情后,接着做另外一件事(即做不定式所表示的动作);若接动词的-ing 形式,则表示继续做正在做的事(即继续做- ing 动词表示的动作)。如:

1.He reached the top of the hill and stopped ____ on a big rock by the side of the path.

A.to have rested B.resting

C.to rest D.rest

2.They stopped____,but there was no more sound.

A.listen B.listening

C.to listen D.to have listened

3.When he saw us,he stopped____,got up and shook hands with us.

A.to read B.reading C.read D.to be reading

4.You can't go on ____ all night without a rest.

A.to work B.working

C.work D.to have worked

5.Goon ____ theother exercisesafteryou have finished this one.

A.to do B.doing

C.with D.to be doing

答案:1.C 2.C 3.B 4.B 5.A

70.mean 等动词接不定式或动名词含义不同

例 He meant ____ the early bus,and that meant ____up before five o'clock.

A.to catch,to get B.catching,getting

C.to catch,getting D.catching,to get

此题应选C。在动词mean,try,can't help 等之后接不定式或动名词,动词本身含义有变化。试比较并体会:

a.mean + to do sth 打算做某事 mean + doing sth 意味着

b.try + to do sth 设法做某事 try + doing sth 做某事试一试(看有什么效果)

c.can't help + to do sth 不能帮助做某事 can't help + doing sth 禁不住做某事

练习题

1.Oh,sorry.I didn't mean ____ your feelings.

A.hurt B.to hurt C.hurting D.to hurting

2.This illness will mean ____ to hospital.

A.go B.to go C.going D.to going

3.I couldn't help ____ when I heard the joke.

A.laugh B.to laugh C.laughing D.laughed

4.Don't take the medicine.It can't help ____ rid of your cold.

A.get B.to get C.getting D.got

5.—I usually go there by train.

—Why not ____ by boat for a change?

A.to try going B.trying to go

C.to try and go D.try going

答案:1.B 2.C 3.C 4.B 5.D

(优途酱不会告诉“小裱贝”们,还有100+篇你们没有看!想看的话,点个赞!)

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